Neuropathology and Neurophsiology [sic], Including Electro-Encephalography, in Wartime Germany
CIOS Intelligence Report. XXVII-1. HMSO [and] Combined [British/US] Intelligence Objectives Sub-Committee (CIOS). July 1945.
** The report by Major Leo Alexander on work done in this area at various German institutes.
CIOS 'Black List of targets for urgent investigation' category: Medical
Duplicated typewritten report in English, 10 x 7.5 inches, 25 x 19 cms. 65 pages plus 8 pages of printed photographs of skull, brain and brain lobe damage.
Very good in original stapled card wrappers. Protected in a modern clear archival jacket.
Major Leo Alexander and the Nuremberg Trials
Leo Alexander (October 11, 1905 – July 20, 1985), the author of this report, was the noted American psychiatrist and neurologist of Austrian-Jewish origin. During the war, he worked in Europe under United States Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson as an army medical investigator with the rank of Major.
After the war, he was appointed chief medical advisor to Telford Taylor, the U.S. Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, and participated in the Nuremberg Trials in November 1946 where he was a key medical advisor. Alexander wrote part of the Nuremberg Code, which provides legal and ethical principles for scientific experiment on humans.
Alexander's companion 1945 CIOS report Miscellaneous Medical Matters was used as evidence at the "Doctors' Trial" at Nuremberg in December 1946 as was also, to a lesser extent, this current report.
Dr. Hubertus Strughold
This report contains a few pages on the work of Dr. Hubertus Strughold
Dr. Strughold (1898 - 1986) was a German-born physiologist and prominent medical researcher. Beginning in 1935 he served as chief of Aeromedical Research for the German Luftwaffe, holding this position throughout World War II. In 1947 he was brought to the United States as part of Operation Paperclip and held a series of high-ranking medical positions in both the US Air Force and NASA.
For his role in pioneering the study of the physical and psychological effects of manned spaceflight he became known as "The Father of Space Medicine". Following his death, Strughold's activities under the Nazis came under greater scrutiny and allegations surrounding his involvement in Nazi-era human experimentation greatly diminished his reputation.